S Do you feel Sick because you
Answering yes to two of these questions is a strong indicator of an eating disorder.
|What is an Eating
Eating disorders are devastating
behavioral maladies. They can be brought on by a lot of
factors, which may include disorders in personality and
emotions, and negative family pressures. they are
generally categorized under three headings; anorexia
nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and eating disorders not
otherwise specified. Although they may be new news to
some, they are by no means new disorders. Anorexia was
first defined medically in the late 1800s but the
descriptions of self-starvation have been found ever in
This is more common than anorexia, and is characterized by cycles of binging and purging. Bulimia usually starts early in adolescence when young women attempt restrictive diets, fail, and react by binge eating. Then in response to binging they purge by vomiting or by taking laxatives, diet pills, or drugs to reduce fluids. Some people then revert to severe dieting, which cycles back to binging if the person does not go on to become anorexic. People with bulimia that do not go onto anorexia often have normal or high-normal body weight, but it can fluctuate by more than 10 pounds because of the binge-purge cycle. (People with bulimia average about 14 binge-purge episodes per week).
Not Otherwise Specified >
This category is characterized by binge eating without purging, infrequent binge-purge episodes (less than twice a week or such behavior lasting less than three months), repeated chewing and spitting without swallowing large amounts of food, or normal weight in people who exhibit anorexic behavior.
Eating Disorders? General Risk Factors >
reported that two-thirds of high school students were on
diets, even though only about 20% were actually
overweight. In Connecticut a study reported about 7% of
girls and about 3% of boys had eating disorders. 90% of
the reported cases have been women, but the rate in men
is rising. Also with this study they have found men are
more apt to hide eating disorders than women, so the
incidence may be under reported. Both men and women are
at high risks of eating disorders if they suffer from
depression, personality disorder, or substance abuse.
Linked to eating disorders are personality disorders; avoidant personality in anorexia, borderline personality in bulimia and narcissism in both. One study indicated women with both eating disorders tended to be less optimistic, to worry more, and to deny negative issues solving problems than were women without eating disorders. In other words people with eating disorders have a harder time dealing with stress than people without eating disorders.
Emotional Disorders >
Anxiety Disorders, Including Obsessive-Compulsive
Depression is common in people with eating disorders, particularly anorexia. Depression and eating disorders are also linked to the season. In many people, depression from a sever in darker winter months.
There is a greater risk for eating
disorders and other emotional problem in girls who
undergo early puberty, when the pressures experienced by
all adolescents are intensified by experiencing possibly
alone, these early physical changes, including normal
increased body fat. One study of girls without eating
disorders reported that before puberty, girls ate
quantities of food appropriate to their body weight, were
satisfied with their bodies and depression increased with
lower food intake. After puberty, girls ate about three-quarters
of the recommended calorie intake, had a poorer body self-image,
and depression increased with higher food intake.
Between 40% and 96% of all eating-disordered patients experience depression and anxiety disorders; depression is also common in families of patients with eating disorders. Bulimic patients are more likely to report having emotional disorders and dysfunctional families than are anorexic-restrictor patients.
and Genetic Factors : Negative Family Factors >
Negative factors in the family, both inherited and environmental, play a major role in triggering and perpetuating eating disorders.
Anorexia is eight times more common in people who have relatives with the disorder, but experts do not know precisely what the inherited factor might be. A genetic propensity toward thinness caused by a faster metabolism and accompanied by cultural approval could predispose some people to develop anorexia. An inherited propensity for obesity could also trigger eating disorders. October 21, 2000.
|Where else can
someone get help when having an eating disorder? >
Please refer to our "Crisis Help Lines" page. Click here.