narcissistic personality

THe ICD-10 does not specifically define the characteristics of this personality disorder. Instead, this disorder is classified in the category "Other Specific Personality Disorders".

ICD-10 states that Narcissistic Personality Disorder is "a personality disorder that fits none of the specific rubrics F60.0-F60.7". That is, this personality disorder does not meet the diagnostic criteria for any of the following:

* F60.0 Paranoid personality disorder
* F60.1 Schizoid personality disorder
* F60.2 Dissocial (antisocial) personality disorder
* F60.3 Emotionally unstable (borderline) personality disorder
* F60.4 Histrionic personality disorder
* F60.5 Anankastic (obsessive-compulsive) personality disorder
* F60.6 Anxious (avoidant) personality disorder
* F60.7 Dependent personality disorder

* eccentric, "haltlose" type, immature, narcisstic, passive-aggressive, and psychoneurotic personality disorder


Diagnostic guidelines >

Conditions not directly attributable to gross brain damage or disease, or to another psychiatric disorder, meeting the following criteria:

(a) markedly dysharmonious attitudes and behaviour, involving usually several areas of functioning, e.g. affectivity, arousal, impulse control, ways of perceiving and thinking, and style of relating to others;
(b) the abnormal behaviour pattern is enduring, of long standing, and not limited to episodes of mental illness;
(c) the abnormal behaviour pattern is pervasive and clearly maladaptive to a broad range of personal and social situations;
(d) the above manifestations always appear during childhood or adolescence and continue into adulthood;
(e) the disorder leads to considerable personal distress but this may only become apparent late in its course;
(f) the disorder is usually, but not invariably, associated with significant problems in occupational and social performance.

For different cultures it may be necessary to develop specific sets of criteria with regard to social norms, rules and obligations. For diagnosing most of the subtypes listed below, clear evidence is usually required of the presence of at least three of the traits or behaviours given in the clinical description.