|Personality disorder, usually
coming to attention because of a gross disparity between
behaviour and the prevailing social norms, and
characterized by at least 3 of the following:
(a) callous unconcern for the
feelings of others;
There may also be persistent irritability as an associated feature. Conduct disorder during childhood and adolescence, though not invariably present, may further support the diagnosis.
Conditions not directly attributable to gross brain damage or disease, or to another psychiatric disorder, meeting the following criteria:
dysharmonious attitudes and behaviour, involving usually
several areas of functioning, e.g. affectivity, arousal,
impulse control, ways of perceiving and thinking, and
style of relating to others;
For different cultures it may be necessary to develop specific sets of criteria with regard to social norms, rules and obligations. For diagnosing most of the subtypes listed below, clear evidence is usually required of the presence of at least three of the traits or behaviours given in the clinical description.